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Data Profile: Consumer Price Index (CPI)
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Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for goods and services in the Consumer Price Indexes (CPI). Prices are collected each month for a set of goods and services that are representative of an average consumer's purchases. Price indexes are available for major groups of consumer expenditures (food and beverages, housing, apparel, transportation, medical care, recreation, education and communications, and other goods and services), for items within each group, and for special categories, such as services. Transportation-related price indexes are useful for transportation cost studies. Indexes use the base years 1982-1984.

User fees (such as water and sewer service) and sales and excise taxes paid by the consumer are included. Income taxes and investment items (like stocks, bonds, and life insurance) are not included.

The CPI-U includes expenditures by urban wage earners and clerical workers, professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, retirees, and others not in the labor force. The CPI-W includes only expenditures by those in hourly wage earning or clerical jobs.

Available data series include changes in the price paid per month on consumer expenditures.

Visit the Consumer Price Index.
Price indexes are available for the U.S., the four Census regions, size of city, cross-classifications of regions and size-classes, and for 26 local areas.
First Year1984
Last Year2010
   Summary Tables
   National Transportation Statistics
Price Trends of Gasoline v. Other Consumer Goods and Services
Consumer Prices For Transportation
Prices Of Transportation Services Paid By American Households
   Related Links
Producer Price Index
   Data Source and Contacts
Data Provider AgencyBureau of Labor Statistics
Data Provider OfficeConsumer Price Index Program
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